Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are neurodevelopmental disorders that primarily affect children, but can persist into adulthood. Here is some information about each:
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD):
ADD is characterized by symptoms of inattention, distractibility, and difficulty focusing. People with ADD often struggle with organizing tasks, following through on instructions, and maintaining attention to details. They may appear forgetful, disorganized, and have difficulty completing tasks. However, individuals with ADD do not typically display the hyperactivity component seen in ADHD.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):
ADHD includes symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity. In addition to struggling with concentration, individuals with ADHD are often visibly restless, fidgety, and have difficulty staying seated. They often exhibit impulsive behaviors, such as blurting out answers, interrupting others, or having difficulty waiting their turn.
Both ADD and ADHD can have significant impacts on academic performance, work, and relationships if left unaddressed. It’s important to note that these conditions are diagnosed by healthcare professionals based on specific criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Treatment options for ADD and ADHD can include medication, therapy, and implementing strategies to improve focus and organization skills.
If you suspect that you or someone you know may have ADD or ADHD, it’s always best to consult with a medical professional who can provide an accurate diagnosis and guide you toward appropriate interventions.
Below are a list of helpful resources:
- CHADD: The National Resource on ADHD
- Attention Deficit Disorder Association (ADDA)
- ADHD Foundation: Mental Health, Education, and Training Services
- The American Professional Society of ADHD and Related Disorders (APSARD)
- ADHD World Federation: From Child to Adult Disorder
- Child Mind Institute
- ADHD Institute
- LD OnLine: The Educators’ Guide to Learning Disabilities and ADHD
- ADDitude: Inside the ADHD mind
- ImpactADHD.com: Helping Parents Help Kids
- ADHD Childhood
- Center for Parent Information & Resources
- Taking Charge of ADHD
- More Attention, Less Deficit: Success Strategies for Adults with ADHD
- The ADHD Workbook for Kids: Helping Children Gain Self-Confidence, Social Skills, and Self-Control
- Smart but Scattered: The Revolutionary Executive Skills Approach to Helping Kids Reach Their Full Potential
- Your Life Can Be Better, Using Strategies for Adult ADD/ADHD
- ADD Stole My Car Keys